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Feline Deutsch

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Feline Deutsch

Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "feline cat" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung im Kontext von „feline“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Devilish Cat This insatiable feline eats everything she sees. Übersetzung für 'féline' im kostenlosen Französisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.

"féline" Deutsch Übersetzung

Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "feline" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "feline cat" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung für 'féline' im kostenlosen Französisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.

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Feline \u0026 Strange live and unplugged on Radio Corax (deutsch/German)

Feline Deutsch
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Image credits. Word of the Day bouldering. Read More. New Words super pea. December 07, So far no data are available on its efficacy in FPV-infected cats.

Cats typically die due to complications associated with sepsis, dehydration, and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy DIC.

In , a retrospective study of infected cats showed that "leukocyte and thrombocyte counts as well as serum albumin and potassium concentrations at presentation are prognostic indicators in cats with panleukopenia, whereas vaccination status, age, clinical signs, and housing conditions are not.

Lifelong immunity is thought to follow recovery from disease, and a carrier state of the disease has never been identified. Cats with suspected or diagnosed FPLV should be kept in isolation.

This non-enveloped virus is very resistant to environmental conditions and many disinfectants, is highly contagious, and rapidly accumulates in the environment due to high shedding of virus from affected animals.

Recovered cats can still shed the virus for up to 6 weeks [4] and can carry it on their body for prolonged periods.

The practice of recommending and giving vaccines on a fixed schedule with annual boosters has been widely discarded.

Current recommendations are based on the philosophy of vaccinating each cat no more frequently than necessary. These recommendations take into account considerations for the efficacy and longevity of each specific vaccine; the exposure, risk, and need of different cat populations; and socioeconomic limitations.

The FPLV vaccination is considered a "core" essential for health vaccine and is recommended for all domestic cats.

Several types and brands of commercial FPLV vaccines are available to induce acquired immunity.

These include:. Combination vaccines that protect against several common viruses, including FPLV, are also available. Kittens without maternally derived antibodies are especially vulnerable.

FPLV vaccination can start as early as 4 weeks of age for kittens at high risk but are usually started at 6 weeks, then given every 3 — 4 weeks until 16 weeks of age.

For cats older than 16 weeks, 2 doses, 3 to 4 weeks apart is generally recommended, followed by a 6-month to 1-year booster. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from Feline Panleukopenia. Species of parvovirus. Retrieved 8 January Merck Veterinary Manual. Retrieved Emerging Infectious Diseases.

American Veterinary Medical Association. Canine and Feline Infectious Diseases. The Oxford English Dictionary 2nd.

Cats are infected oronasally by exposure to infected animals, their feces, secretions, or contaminated fomites. Most free-roaming cats are thought to be exposed to the virus during their first year of life.

Those that develop subclinical infection or survive acute illness mount a robust, long-lasting, protective immune response.

FPV infects and destroys actively dividing cells in bone marrow, lymphoid tissues, intestinal epithelium, and—in very young animals—cerebellum and retina.

In pregnant queens, the virus may spread transplacentally to cause embryonic resorption, fetal mummification, abortion, or stillbirth. Alternatively, infection of kittens in the perinatal period may destroy the germinal epithelium of the cerebellum, leading to cerebellar hypoplasia, incoordination, and tremor.

FPV-induced cerebellar ataxia has become a relatively rare diagnosis, because most queens passively transfer sufficient antibodies to their kittens to protect them during the early period of susceptibility.

Most feline panleukopenia infections are subclinical, as evidenced by the high seroprevalence of anti-FPV antibodies among unvaccinated, healthy cats.

Peracute cases may die suddenly with little or no warning fading kittens. Vomiting usually develops 1—2 days after the onset of fever; it is typically bilious and unrelated to eating.

Hypersalivation may be seen in some cases, associated with nausea or abdominal pain. Diarrhea may begin a little later than the vomiting but is not always present.

Extreme dehydration develops rapidly. Affected cats may sit for hours at their water bowl, although they may not drink much. Terminal cases are hypothermic and may develop septic shock and disseminated intravascular coagulation.

Physical examination typically reveals profound depression, dehydration, and sometimes abdominal pain. Abdominal palpation—which can induce immediate vomiting—may reveal thickened intestinal loops and enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes.

In cases of cerebellar hypoplasia, ataxia and tremors with normal mentation are seen. Retinal lesions, if present, appear as discrete gray foci.

There are typically few gross lesions due to feline panleukopenia, although dehydration is usually marked. Bowel loops may be segmentally dilated and may have thickened, hyperemic walls.

There may be petechiae or ecchymoses on the intestinal serosal surfaces. Perinatally infected kittens may have a noticeably small cerebellum.

Histologically, the intestinal crypts are usually dilated and contain debris consisting of sloughed, necrotic, epithelial cells. Blunting and fusion of villi may be present.

Eosinophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies are seen only occasionally in formalin-fixed specimens; use of Bouin's or Zenker's fixative will increase the likelihood of seeing these.

There may be a notable lack of lymphocytic or inflammatory cell infiltration in the bowel walls because of destruction of these leukocytes by the virus.

Neutropenia develops earlier than lymphopenia. During recovery from infection, there is typically a rebound neutrophilia with a marked left shift.

Diagnosis can, in some cases, be confirmed using an in-office immunochromatographic test kit intended for detection of fecal CPV antigen.

However, fecal antigen is detectable only for a short time after infection; false-negative results are common.

The protein is prepared in a lyophilized 1 microgram dose. Reconstitution in sterile diluent produces a solution for subcutaneous injection.

As with HIV, the development of an effective vaccine against FIV is difficult because of the high number and variations of the virus strains.

For these reasons the vaccine is considered "non-core", and the decision to vaccinate should be made after discussion with a veterinarian and consideration of the risks vs.

FIV displays a similar structure to the primate and ungulate lentiviruses. The virion has a diameter from 80 to nanometers and is pleomorphic.

The FIV virus genome is diploid. It consists of two identical single-strands of RNA in each case about nucleotides existing in plus-strand orientation.

It has the typical genomic structure of retroviruses, including the gag , pol , and env genes. The Pol polyprotein is translated by ribosomal frame-shifting, a feature shared with HIV.

An additional short ORF termed orfA also known as orf2 precedes the env gene. The function of OrfA in viral replication is unclear, however the orfA -encoded product may display many of the attributes of HIV-1 accessory gene products such as Vpr, Vpu or Nef.

The capsid protein derived from the polyprotein Gag is assembled into a viral core the protein shell of a virus and the matrix protein also derived from Gag forms a shell immediately inside of the lipid bilayer.

Both SU and TM glycoproteins are heavily glycosylated, a characteristic that scientists believe may mask the B-cell epitopes of the Env glycoprotein giving the virus resistance to the virus neutralizing antibodies.

Furthermore, the vectors can be used on dividing and non-dividing cells. FIV and feline leukemia virus FeLV are sometimes mistaken for one another though the viruses differ in many ways.

Although they are both in the same retroviral subfamily orthoretrovirinae , they are classified in different genera FeLV is a gamma-retrovirus and FIV is a lentivirus like HIV The two viruses are also quite different genetically, and their protein coats differ in size and composition.

Although many of the diseases caused by FeLV and FIV are similar, the specific ways in which they are caused also differs. Also, while the feline leukemia virus may cause symptomatic illness in an infected cat, an FIV infected cat can remain completely asymptomatic its entire lifetime.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

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Posted by Taugul

1 comments

Es ist schade, dass ich mich jetzt nicht aussprechen kann - es gibt keine freie Zeit. Ich werde befreit werden - unbedingt werde ich die Meinung aussprechen.

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